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Royal Icing recipe

How To Use Royal Icing

Royal Icing

Used for coating cakes and for decorations such as run outs, extensions etc. and for piping purposes, royal icing is a most versatile of icings.  Plenty of practice is recommended but once you have mastered the technique you will be hooked!

To Make

It is vital to make the icing correctly and to the right consistency, in order to obtain a good smooth finish on your cake so there are a few things to consider before you start:-

Fresh egg whites are generally not used now so pure dried albumen or a substitute such as Meri white are used instead.

Pure albumen powder makes a stronger icing and is more suitable for run-out sugar work, extension work and fine piping.  However the addition of glycerine will soften it if necessary for other uses.  Meri white results in a softer, slightly whiter icing for covering cakes (and also making meringues) and tends to be cheaper to buy.

It is essential that all equipment and utensils used are clean and free from grease.  Any spots of grease will result in a heavy icing, therefore difficult to work with. You are aiming for a light, bubble free icing (soft peaks).

The use of good quality or bridal icing sugar should eliminate the need for sieving.

After use, when storing, place any leftover icing in a clean bowl. This eliminates the danger of any dried out bits on the side of the bowl falling into the icing! 

Keep the icing covered with a damp cloth whilst working with it to prevent drying out. Do not keep the cloth over for too long as it will cause the icing to absorb the moisture from the cloth and change the consistency.

Add a little piping gel to royal icing for brush embroidery work - it delays the setting time !

Leave icing in a piping bag to dry out completely, then grate to achieve a snow effect to add to your snowscene !


1:-     (using pure dried egg white)

15g (1/2oz) dried albumen

90ml (3 fl ozs) water

450g (1 lb) icing sugar (if coating a cake make at least double the quantity)

Reconstitute the albumen for 24 hrs ( it will initially form lumps, but these will disappear if whisked slightly or strained through a fine sieve)

Place albumen mixture into clean, grease free bowl and add half the icing sugar. Beat until well mixed, then add the remaining sugar, a small amount at a time and beat until stiff.

If making in a mixer, use slowest speed and take care not to over beat. This could cause air pockets in the icing which cause problems when trying to coat or pipe.


2:-    (using a substitute)

15g Meri white

75ml water

500g icing sugar (if coating a cake make at least double the quantity)

Dissolve meri white in water and gradually add icing sugar, beating on low speed in a mixer (approx 15 mins.) until icing peaks.        


Different consistencies of icing are required for different purposes so the icing, once made, will probably  need slightly adjusting.

Before use, whether for piping or coating,  ‘paddle’ it with a palette knife to eliminate all the air bubbles. This achieves a smooth icing suitable for coating cakes.

If a firmer icing  is required  where it has to hold its shape e.g. for piped flowers, you will need to add a little extra icing sugar to the basic mix.

For run outs (letters/numbers, collars etc.)  paddle to eliminate any air bubbles, and add more water as necessary to achieve a flowing consistency. NOTE!  Do not add glycerine to a run out icing as this will soften it too much.  A stronger icing is needed for this type of work.


Equipment required for making icing

Much of the equipment used for royal icing can be found amongst your general kitchen items, but there are a few specialist items you will require to make your royal icing a success!


When coating a cake you will find that a turntable is useful especially when icing the sides.  You can turn the cake around and achieve a good smooth edge. Do place cake on work surface when icing top, as you do not want cake moving as you draw the icing across the top of the cake.

Icing ruler

A good strong straight icing ruler is essential for smoothing the top of the cake.

Side scraper

A stainless steel or plastic side scraper will ensure a smooth side to your cake. You can also purchase various grooved scrapers to place a design onto the side of the cake.

Palette knives

Palette knives are useful – a small one for putting the icing onto the sides, and a large one for spreading onto the top.

Wooden spoon

If hand beating.

When coating a cake:-

Ensure cake has straight, squared off edges (as opposed to rounded for sugarpasted cakes).

3-4 thin coats are recommended, making each coat a little softer with a drop of extra water as you go.

Paddle the icing on the top first to eliminate air bubbles. Drag the icing ruler across top at a slight angle and remove the excess icing with another knife.

Sit the cake on a turntable and paddle the icing onto the side with a palette knife. (If a square cake, ice one side at a time).

Using a side scraper, holding it at an angle towards you, pull it around the cake, starting as far back as possible, turning the cake with one hand and holding the scraper with the other.

Allow each coat to dry before applying the next. Any roughness can be removed, either shaving  with a sharp knife or rubbing with a piece of emery paper.

Coat the board using a palette knife, if wished, after completing the cake, while the icing on the cake is still fresh.



Always use good quality tubes if possible. These are stainless steel and are seamless and will give the best finish.  Any tubes with a seam may distort the piped design! 

Practice before applying to cake especially if creating a more intricate design.

Ensure tubes are washed out well after use and no icing is leftover inside tube.

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